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RELGH212 JERUSALEM: CITY, HISTORY AND REPRESENTATION
Spring 10 Tuesday/Thursday 11:30am-1pm Hall 106
Naomi Koltun-Fromm Hall 104 tel: 610-645-8324 nkoltunf@haverford.edu

Description:
An examination of the history of Jerusalem as well as a study of Jerusalem as religious symbol and how the two interact over the centuries. The three foci of the class will be history, representation and lived experience of Jerusalem. Readings from ancient, medieval, modern and contemporary sources as well as material culture and art.

Over the course of the semester we will build a class �wiki� in which we will display our collaborative knowledge and interpretation of the history of Jerusalem, as well as display our individual projects on representations of Jerusalem as religious symbol, and how the two interact in contemporary Jerusalem.

Student Assistant and go to person: Annie Boggess: aboggess@haverford.edu

Requirements:
1. Read all materials in a timely fashion such that one can participate actively in all class sessions
2. One class presentation of research
3. 3 short history papers
4. 1 long research paper, 15-20 pages
5. full participation in group projects and collaborative works
6. various other in class activities that might need out of class preparation

Books:
Required:
Mayer and Mourad, Jerusalem: Image and Reality (Routledge, 2008) [MM]
Annabel J. Wharton, Selling Jerusalem (Chicago, 2006) [Wharton]
Dan Bahat, Carta�s Historical Atlas of Jerusalem (Jerusalem, 1986) [Bahat]
Lessing, Nathan the Wise
Blackboard Readings [BB]

Recommended:
Martin Gilbert, The Routledge Historical Atlas of Jerusalem (Routledge, 2008);
or Dan Bahat, The Illustrated Atlas of Jerusalem (Carta, 1990)

SCHEDULE
READ= read and prepare for that day; TEXT= print out and bring to class text handout from BB
WRITE=prepare and write for that day
Date Assignment
1. JAN 19 INTRODUCTION Tolstoy�s two old men
2. JAN 21 HOLY CITY READ: MM (Mayer/Mourad, Peters) 1-26; BB: Eliade, �The Symbolism of the Center�;
3. JAN 26 BIBLICAL JERUSALEM READ: MM (Levine) 27-46; Bahat, 4-15;
BB TEXT: biblical texts, timeline
4. JAN 28 ANCIENT JEWISH JERUSALEM READ: Bahat, 16-27; BB: Alexander, �Jerusalem as the Omphalos of the World�
BB TEXT: Letter of Aristeas; Jubilees, Josephus
5. FEB 2 SHARE AND SYNTHESIZE WRITE: a two page history of Biblical/Ancient Jewish Jerusalem focusing on what you think is most important
6. FEB 4 CHRISTIAN JERUSALEM READ: MM (Eliav, Yarbrough) 47-85; Bahat, 28-35;
BB TEXTS: New Testament texts, Timeline
7. FEB 9 BYZANTINE JERUSALEM READ: Bahat, 36-43; BB: Fredriksen, �The Holy City in Christian Through�; Tsafrir, �Byzantine Jerusalem.�
BB TEXT: Life of Constantine
8. FEB 11 SHARE AND SYTHESIZE WRITE: a two page history of Christian Jerusalem through the Byzantine period�focus on what you think exemplifies Christian Jerusalem.
9. FEB 16 EARLY MOSLEM JERUSALEM READ: MM (Mourad 86-102); Bahat 44-449; BB Peters, Moslem Jerusalem.
BB TEXT: Quran and Haddith
10. FEB 18 EARLY MOSLEM JERUSALEM 2 READ: Lazarus-Yafeh, �Jerusalem and Mecca�; Newirth, �The Spiritual Meaning of Jerusalem in Islam�; Grabar, Space and Holiness in Medieval Jerusalem.�
TEXT: Images�in class
11. FEB 23 SHARE AND SYNTHESIZE WRITE: a two page history of early Moslem Jerusalem, what do you consider central?
12. FEB 25 CRUSADES AND MEDIEVAL JERUSALEM READ: Bahat, 58-75; BB: Ashbridge, The First Crusade, 1-40; M. A Hiyari, �Crusader Jerusalem�;
TEXTS: Gesta Francorum, Speech of Urban II, chronicle of Fulcher, Ibn Jubayr, Jewish Crusader Chronicles, Gabrieli, Arab Historians, selections
13. MAR 2 OTTOMON�BRITISH JERUSALEM READ: Bahat 58-75; BB: D. P. Little �Jerusalem under the Ayyubids and Mamaluks.� ; Armstrong, �Ottoman City,� Goldhill, �The Victorian City.�
Text: Vester, Our Jerusalem; Twain, Innocents Abroad
14. MAR 4 MODERN JERUSALEM BETWEEN ISRAEL AND JORDAN MM (Katz, Rekhess, Lustik, Sher) 245-321; BB: Ross, �Digging up the Past.�
(midterm evaluations)
SPRING BREAK WRITE a 5 page synthesis of everything you have learned about the history of Jerusalem so far: How to summarize it without essentializing it. What brings it all together for you?
THINK: start thinking about what aspects of Jerusalem as religious symbol and representation do you want to research further. What questions do you still want to answer and how would you go about answering them? Start with categories listed in classes post-break below. You may want to read ahead to see what sort of project would interest you most
15. MAR 16 FINAL SYNTHESIS Synthesis our history and transition to representation�what do we mean by symbol and representation?
16. MAR 18 RELIGIOUS SYMBOL: JEWISH READ: MM (Mayer) 224-245; Gordon, �Marching to Zion�; Dan, �Jerusalem in Jewish Spirituality: Amos Oz,
TEXT: rabbinic, midrash, contemporary Jerusalems
17. MAR 23 RELIGIOUS SYMBOL: CHRISTIAN READ: MM (Rubin) 123-140; BB Chazon, �Jerusalem as Christian Symbol�; Limor, �The Place of the End of Days�; Baynes, �the Virgin�s Robe�
TEXT: Christian Maps
18. MAR 25 RELIGIOUS SYMBOL: MOSLEM READ: MM (Stone, Gruber) 155-198; BB: Bloom, �Jerusalem in Medieval Islamic Literature�; Sari Nuseibeh
MAR 30TH NO CLASS PASSOVER
19. APR 1 REPRESENTATION PROJECTS WRITE: Proposal of final project to share with class and collaboratively coordinate with our webpage
IN CLASS set project outline and managers
20. APR 6 ARCHITECTURE AND CITY PLANNING READ: Bahat, 76-83; BB Kuhnel, �Geography and Geometry of Jerusalem�; Sternhell, �Architecture,� Jarrar, �Islamic Construction.�
21. APR 8 ART AND PHOTOGRAPHY READ MM (Donadio) 140-155; BB: Muslih, �Palestinian Images of Jerusalem�; Rosovsky, �The City in Jewish Folk Art�
22. APR 13 JERUSALEM HERE AND ELSEWHERE READ: BB: Grabar, �Jerusalem Elsewhere�; Sfar, the Rabbi�s Cat 2; Tolstoy�s Two Old Men;
23. APR 15 SELLING JERUSALEM READ Wharton, Selling Jerusalem 1-48
24. APR 20 SELLING JERUSALEM READ Wharton, Selling Jerusalem 49-144
25. APR 22 SELLING JERUSALEM READ Wharton, Selling Jerusalem 145-239
26. APR 27 REPRESENTATION PROJECTS In class workshopping of individual works in small groups
27. APR 29 NATHAN WISE READ Nathan the Wise
(end of term evaluations)